Learn about the importance of daylight savings time

Audrey Donaldson, Reporter

Every American knows on the second Sunday of March to move all their clocks an hour ahead because of daylight savings, but many do not know the history behind daylight saving or why we participate in it. 

There are only two states in the U.S that do not observe daylight savings; Hawaii and Arizona, but some overseas territories also do not observe it such as, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S Virgin Islands. Overall, 70 countries around the world participate in daylight savings time.

In some places of the world daylight savings is called “summer time” and the dates for the change in time are different for different countries. The main purpose for this change is to make better use of daylight in the summer months because one hour is moved from the morning to the evening. 

Daylight savings time lasts for 34 weeks or 238 days every year. The time changes back to normal time on the first Sunday of November, and many people think of these time changes by the seasons they are in. In the fall we fall back an hour, and in the spring we spring forward an hour. 

Canada was the first country to ever use daylight savings time in 1908, but Germany popularized it in 1916 when German clocks were turned an hour ahead on April 30th 1916. This was to maximize daylight and minimize the use of artificial light to save fuel during World War One. Although daylight savings time was not popularized till 1916, the idea to jump forward an hour dates back to thousands of years ago in Rome, Italy. 

Before 2006, most Indiana cities did not observe daylight savings, and there is a lot of speculation about why this was. A saying that used to be popular was that “the cows couldn’t handle daylight savings time.” To avoid any more confusion about what time it was around the world, Indiana passed a bill saying the entire state of Indiana would use daylight savings times starting in 2006.

Daylight savings time is very important for every country to follow to avoid confusion or conflict about the time and ensure that daylight is maximized during the summer months.